Eitam, Efraim (Effie)

(1952- )
   Born in Kibbutz Ein Gev, Eitam studied at Haifa University and the Royal College of Defense Studies in London. A career officer in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), he served as commander of an armored division in the IDF Northern Command and commanded the Israeli forces in southern Lebanon in 1989-99. He also participated in Operation Entebbe in July 1976, commanding an elite commando unit. He was awarded the medal of valor for courage under fire in the Yom Kippur War (1973). He retired from the IDF in 2000 with the rank of brigadier general.
   In April 2002, Eitam was named leader of the National Religious Party (NRP), succeeding Yitzhak Levy, who had stepped aside in favor of Eitam. At the same time, Eitam was appointed minister without portfolio in the governing coalition headed by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. In September 2002, he was appointed minister of national infrastructures. On 28 February 2003, Eitam was named minister of housing and construction, however he resigned this posting on 8 June 2004 to protest the proposed evacuation of settlers in Prime Minister Sharon's Gaza disengagement plan (see UNILATERAL DISENGAGEMENT [HITNATKUT, TOKHNIT HAHITNATKUT]). In February 2005, Eitam was ousted as NRP leader in a policy dispute. He and Levy split from the NRP to form their own minifaction in the Knesset called the National Religious Zionist Renewal Party; this faction was subsequently integrated with the National Union (NU) Party. Eitan was reelected to the 17th Knesset (2006) on the NU-NRP joint list.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Effi Eitam — MKs Date of birth = Birth date and age|1952|7|25|df=y Year of Aliyah = Date of death = Knesset(s) = 16th, 17th (current) Party = Ahi (part of the National Union) Former parties = National Religious Party Gov t roles = Minister without Portfolio… …   Wikipedia

  • Levy, Yitzhak — (1947 )    Born in Morocco, he immigrated (see ALIYA) to Israel in 1957 and was educated at the orthodox Yeshivot Hakotel, where he received his rabbinical ordination. He served in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), achieving the rank of major. An… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • National Religious Party — (NRP; Miflaga Datit Leumit Mafdal)    The NRP was founded in 1956 by Mizrachi as a religious political party seeking to combine religious concerns and a moderate socialist orientation in economic matters within a Zionist framework. It was a… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • National Religious Zionist Renewal Party —    The splinter Knesset faction created by Efraim (Effie) Eitam and Yizhak Levy when they seceded in 2005 from the National Religious Party (NRP) in a dispute about the NRP s policy response to the evacuation of settlers as part of Ariel Sharon s …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • National Union — (Haichud Haleumi)    A coalition of right wing political parties that ran for the first time in the May 1999 elections for the 15th Knesset, winning four seats. It was comprised of Moledet, the New Herut, and Tekuma and headed by former Likud… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Yahalom, Shaul — (1947 )    Born in Tel Aviv, he served in the Israel Defense Forces and studied education and economics at Bar Ilan University. He became chairman of the board of directors of the Hebrew language daily newspaper Hatzofeh, the voice of the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

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